I hope I can ask this here. I am really desperate for help!

So...to name my maps, world, people, cities etc I made a conlang, but I'm stuck at two process that will 'finish' my conlang. I have searched and searched, but I couldn't find anything or understand Wikipedia.

If I may ask the questions, they are below. If not, I will delete the thread pronto.

Syllable Structure:

I have read Mark and Pablo's sites a lot now, and I've already created much of my language, but Syllable structure is still foggy to me. I know that one can create their own phonological constraints, but I've having problems understanding the syllable structure code (or whatever it is called xD). Like so: " (C) (V) (C) (C) V (V) (C) (C)". (random example)

Does this basic building block restrict words from ever forming the opposite of what you build? What does the C/V (Consonant and Vowel) mean when out of the "()"? The minimal C/V, right?

What I mean is what if I have "(C) (V) (C) (C) V (V) (C) (C)" for my Syllable Structure. Would that mean each and every word had to start with a consonant (or vice-versa) and that it was -- depending on the Syllable Structure you created -- impossible to do otherwise? For example, using the above Syllable structure "(C) (V) (C) (C) V (V) (C) (C)", would the following be impossible to create?

Athumo

I don't think it does mean the words are hard-pressed to the SS code, but I'm not sure and Wiki... >.>

This is what I learned and assume about it:

As long as its (consonant or vowel) in () its optional to create a word with a consonant/vowel, but out of the () its obligatory for the word to contain a consonant/vowel? And if the structure starts with a ( C )/( V ), its possible to break it and start a word in reverse of the pattern? But its not possible if it starts with C/V without parenthesis?
SOV Order:

I have read up on it quite a few times and have had some things explained to me, but I was wondering if anyone could help me with my last few questions?

I know about Subordinators, demonstratives, postpositions and prepositions. I know where they are placed, but I was wondering what about articles? Or anything else the Wikipedia page doesn't mention? When making the sentence in SOV order, where do you place the "parts" it doesn't mention in the Wikia? Like Articles?

I hope I was allowed to ask this here and if so, I put it in the right place.

Any help would be appreciated!
Philámayayapi!